Dyslexia, Reading Problems

Reading Problems & Dyslexia

Definition

Despite what you might have heard about reversed
letters, dyslexia simply means “poor with words or
trouble with reading”. The word is nothing more
than a way to identify a reading problem. Dyslexia is a neurobiological condition that is genetic in origin.  It specially affects the performance of the neurological system, specifically the parts of the brain responsible for learning to read.  

Reading is the process of understanding language
by interpreting written symbols for speech sounds.
Poor readers are often labeled as “dyslexic,” which
simply means “poor with words” or “poor reading
skills.”

Diagnosing

Parents and/or teachers are usually the first to
notice reading problems in children. A more
substantial and comprehensive evaluation—a
professional cognitive skills test—can pinpoint the exact cause of learning problems. In people with dyslexia or reading difficulties, the cognitive skills that are usually weak are phonemic awareness and auditory processing, although other areas may be weak as well.

At IQRx, while we do not provide diagnoses, the fact is that many of our students come to us with previous diagnoses, including Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Auditory Processing Disorder, and Learning Disabilities amongst others.  We help children and adults with these issues because we address the cognitive deficits that are commonly linked to these problems. In fact, our brain training programs strengthen auditory processing and other cognitive skills critical to reading and writing, which is why children and adults with these diagnoses who go through our program experience such significant improvements in school, work, and life.

Characteristics

  • Family history of reading problems 

  • Predominant in males (2:1, male: female) 

  • Average/above average IQ 

  • Math proficiency not uncommon

  • No enjoyment of leisure reading

  • Poor spelling 

  • Auditory language difficulties in word finding, fluency, meaning, or sequence

Symptoms 

  • Struggles pronouncing new words

  • Weak at letter sound discrimination (pin, pen)

  • Poor at distinguishing similarities/differences in words (no, on) 

  • Difficulty transferring what is heard to what is seen and vice versa

  • Low reading comprehension

Treatment

Professional eye exams can first rule out or correct any vision problems and the same is true for an auditory exam. 

 

Cognitive skills training attacks the root causes of reading struggles and dyslexia  by strengthening weak cognitive skills - especially phonemic awareness and auditory processing. In fact, a Carnegie Mellon University brain imaging study found that the brains of dyslexic students and other poor readers were permanently rewired to overcome reading deficits after just 100 hours of intensive remedial instruction. (7 August 2008, Science Daily)

Unlike tutoring, which focuses on specific academic subjects (like history), cognitive skills training treats the causes of learning struggles to help children, teens, and adults excel in school, sports, the workplace, and extracurricular activities (like sports, music, art, and dance).


Reading to a child or assisting them with reading can increase the skills necessary for them to excel on their own later.

Helpful Resources

The International Dyslexia Association
http://interdys.org


National Center for Learning Disabilities
http://www.ncld.org


Learning Disabilities Association of America
http://ldaamerica.org

All Kinds of Minds
http://allkindsofminds.org


LD Online
http://ldonline.org

The Clay Center for Young Healthy Minds

https://www.mghclaycenter.org/topic/learning-issues/

BrainRx training was beneficial to understand who I am, my areas of strength and weakness. It was good to work with others on the exercises. It was worth the commitment. I feel it has helped me focus on areas of weakness that I can continue to work on, to improve and have a more fulfilled life.

- Caroline S.

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Brain Training Results