Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Symptoms and Characteristics
The disorder can range from mild to severe and so can the symptoms, ranging from extreme in one person to absent in another. The most obvious and common trait is severe trouble with social situations. In general, traits of ASD include:
Need for routines and sameness
Poor social skills
Problems making eye contact
Inability to read nonverbal cues
Lack of emotional and social reciprocity
Intense interest in one area
Inability to make same-age friends
Sensitivity to light, sound, taste, smell, and touch
Normal IQ, often with great ability in one area
Difficulty determining personal space
Rigid or monotonous speech patterns
Lack of emotional spontaneity
Three main symptoms must be present—in most cases before the age of three—for the proper diagnosis of an ASD. These are:
Impairments in social skills
Impairments in communication
Ritualistic or repetitive activities and interests
At IQRx, while we do not provide diagnoses, the fact is that many of our students come to us with previous diagnoses, including previous DSM-IV spectrum diagnoses for Asperger's, PDD-NOS, Autism, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Rhett's and current DSM-5 spectrum diagnoses of Autism Level 1, 2, or 3 or Social Communication Disorder. We help children and adults with spectrum disorder diagnoses because we address the cognitive deficits that are commonly linked to these diagnoses. In fact, our brain training programs strengthen all critical cognitive skills which is why children and adults with spectrum disorders who go through our program experience such significant improvements in school, work, and life.
Scientists and doctors generally agree Autism is caused by abnormalities in the brain and that there are many possible reasons those abnormalities occur including:
Genetic predisposition: Studies show ASD runs in families.
Environmental: Some researchers believe toxins, chemical overload, allergies, or yeast overgrowth can lead to irregularities in the brain.
Medical conditions: Some medical conditions, such as epilepsy, are more common in people with ASDs. Some researchers believe immune system dysfunction can lead to the changes in the brain that cause Autism.
Treatment includes psychotherapy, behavior modification therapy, social skills training, education interventions, diet modification, medication, Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) Therapy, and cognitive skills training.
There is no cure for Autism Spectrum Disorders. But, intense one-one-one cognitive skills training with BrainRx can help people with ASD move much closer to where the effects of the disorder may be hardly noticeable. The therapy strengthens weak mental skills, leading to a faster, more efficient learner who’s more socially adept, happier, and more confident.
Asperger’s Disorder Homepage
O.A.S.I.S. Online Asperger Syndrome
Information & Support
Autism Research Institute
Autism Society of America
The Clay Center for Young Healthy Minds
BrainRx training was beneficial to understand who I am, my areas of strength and weakness. It was good to work with others on the exercises. It was worth the commitment. I feel it has helped me focus on areas of weakness that I can continue to work on, to improve and have a more fulfilled life.
- Caroline S.